Installing a new door in your home
can frequently require the need for framing. Described below is the process for
framing a door opening.
Site Preparation for Framing a Door Opening
Prior to any demolition make sure you
have confirmed that all electricity has been turned off.
Also make sure you have cleared the
area of furniture and have laid a tarp down on the floor.
|If the wall is a
weight-bearing wall, make sure you brace up the ceiling first before removing
any of the existing studs. You can usually do this with a few 2x4s.
Trace out the
approximate door frame location on the wall for where your want to frame the
Site Demolition for Framing Door Opening
Next, using a
carpenters knife score the sheetrock. Make sure you penetrate all the way
through the sheetrock.
Now remove the
sheetrock with a hammer and claw. It is best to immediately dispose of the
sheetrock to keep the jobsite clean.
Remove Required Studs and Sole Plate Section for Framing Rough Door Opening
Next, mark on the
top plate and bottom sole plate the rough door opening boundaries. Note,
that the rough door opening should be about 2-3 inches wider and taller than the
door itself. Also allow for an additional 3 inches to account for the width of 2
studs on each side of the door (King Stud and Jack Stud).
Now remove the
stud(s) that lie within the marked rough door opening. You will also need to
remove a section of the bottom sole plate.
Framing Rough Door Opening
Next install the
King Studs. A King stud should sit on each side of the rough door opening and
should connect the top and sole plates together. Toe nail them into position and
use a level to make sure they are plumb.
Next install Jack
studs up against the two King studs. The Jack studs should be placed to the
inside of the door opening and should have a height that is equal to the height
of the door plus 2-3 inches.
The jack studs
should be both toe nailed and nailed to the king jacks.
Now install a
Header that will rest on top of the Jack Studs. The header should consist of two
2x4 sections married/nailed together and laid flat on top of the Jack studs.
Nail the header to
the jack and king studs to form the frame of the rough door opening.
Finally add cripple
studs over the header of the doorframe. One cripple stud should sit centered between the king
studs and on top of the header. This cripple stud should be centered in the
rough doorframe opening and should be toe nailed into the header and top plate.
Also add cripple studs above the header and over each Jack stud.
If framed correctly
the rough frame door opening should be complete and about 2-3 inches taller and wider than
the door itself.
You have now
completed framing a door opening and are ready for installing the door.
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Additional Framing and Carpentry Resources for
Framing Door Openings from Amazon.com
Framing and Carpentry Tools from Amazon.com
for Framing Door Openings