How to Build a Brick or Paver Walkway using Brick Pavers
By Mark J. Donovan
|The use of bricks or pavers to create a formal walkway to the entrance of your home can add real character to it. In addition, brick and pavers are made from natural building materials that last forever. Admittedly, the bricks or pavers may need to be reset every decade or so due to insect and weather related erosion to the walkway’s base, but the bricks/pavers can be reused. Another nice benefit of installing a brick or paver walkway is that it doesn’t necessarily require a professional.
With a sketch for a walkway plan, some upfront knowledge on installing brick/paver walkways, and a few basic tools the average homeowner can tackle this type of project over a weekend or two.
The important step in installing a brick paver walkway is properly preparing the soil base before setting the brick pavers. If the soil base is not prepared properly the bricks will end up not being able to be set evenly, the soil base will erode in short order, and the quickly eroding soil base will just exacerbate the unevenness of the walkway until it looks like a small disaster.
Next, apply approximately a 2 inch layer of sand or stone dust over the tamped down gravel. Again, the sand or stone dust should be tamped down to create a smooth and even surface. Also, the tamped down sand or stone dust should be at a height below the string line equal to the thickness of the brick pavers to be installed. Thus, when the brick pavers are set into the sand / stone dust base the top surface of them should be equal to the string line height.
With the soil base now properly installed place 1 inch in diameter pipe, or the equivalent size ledger board, on either side of the walkway.
The pipe or ledger board do not need to be the length of the walkway. Instead, they should be between 4 to 8 feet in length. These pipes / ledger boards will act as rails, if you will.
|Now, using the flat edge of a 2×4 that spans the width of the walkway soil base slide it over the soil base and along the pipe / ledger board rails. You’ll observe that you’ll get a very smooth and even surface on the soil base for setting the brick pavers. Move the rails, and repeat this process over the entire length of the walkway area. Again, when the brick pavers are set into the sand / stone dust base the top surface of them should be equal to the string line height. So keep this in mind when smoothing out the soil base.
Next, carefully lay on the smoothed out soil base plastic brick borders. You can purchase these at any home improvement center.
The plastic brick borders will act as the walkway’s finished edges and will help to maintain the structural integrity of the walkway. The plastic brick borders should be fastened into the soil using 12 inch spikes. However, be careful not to disturb the finished surface of the walkway soil base. A spike should be placed into the border every 12 to 16 inches.
Setting Brick Pavers
With the soil base prepared and the borders anchored down you can now start setting the brick pavers. Hopefully you’ve already figured out a setting pattern for the brick pavers. The key reason for using one of the common patterns for laying bricks is to ensure that the bricks interlock with one another. This helps to maintain the structural integrity of the walkway.
While setting the bricks / concrete pavers, you’ll inevitably have to end up cutting some of them to fit. You can either rent a wet saw designed to cut bricks or concrete pavers or you can use a brick splitter. I prefer the wet saw as you can ensure nice and accurate clean cuts every time, however, they can be a bit expensive to rent. The brick splitter is cheap, however, it takes experience getting use to splitting the bricks. To be honest, between the cost of the brick splitter and the wasting of many bricks, it adds up to about as much as renting a wet saw for the day. Also, if your walkway is curved you’ll have all but no choice than to rent a wet saw.
Once you’ve set all the bricks or concrete pavers, shore up the outside edges of the walkway with additional sand. Then apply topsoil over the sand and pack it down firmly into place.
Next, spread a layer of sand or stone dust over the freshly set bricks and sweep them into the bricks or pavers with a broom. Repeat this step a couple of times as this process helps to lock the brick pavers into place with each other and will mitigate weed growth in-between the cracks.
Lastly, remove the stakes and strings and spread grass seed over the freshly topsoiled areas to complete the project.
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